CBD Oil: A Guide to Extraction Methods at Home

British pharmaceutical company GW Pharmaceuticals recently received FDA approval for their oral solution Epidolex for the treatment of seizures associated with tuberous sclerosis, adding another condition for health problems that can be successfully and safely treated with their CBD oil solution. However, individual users claim that cannabis oil helps reduce pain and anxiety, as well as other problems that have yet to be clinically proven.

In addition to medicinal uses, CBD oil can be used in cooking a variety of dishes, sauces, condiments and fudge. The recent wave of legalization sweeping North America has also allowed entrepreneurs to start businesses and sell the oil and other products made from CBD extraction to a wide variety of consumers, not just those with medical needs.

However, if you are looking for a way to make your own oil, this article will show you how to extract CBD from your home hemp plant.

Different Types of CBD Oil (CO2 Extraction Machine site)
There are three different types of CBD oil, depending on the strain you use and the method of preparation.

Full-spectrum
Broad spectrum
CBD isolate
Each of these three types offers a separate set of compounds and effects. It is important to know what you are introducing into your system, especially when it comes to potentially psychoactive substances.

Full spectrum CBD oil contains more than just CBD. there are a variety of other cannabinoids, including tetrahydrocannabinol, terpenes, and essential oils. This CBD oil allows for the use of both the leaves and the flowers to ensure the presence of each compound. However, the leaves contain a high concentration of chlorophyll, giving the oil a dark color and somewhat undesirable taste.

Broad spectrum CBD oil also gives you the full range of substances, however, without tetrahydrocannabinol, which means that if you consume the oil regularly, you will not be elevated or show positive on a drug test.

CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD oil extracted from the flowers of the plant. If you choose this type of oil, you should use cannabis flower for this purpose. Hemp has been legal in the United States since the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill.

Since full-spectrum CBD oil extraction is the way to maximize the benefits of the plant for our health, we will be looking into this method not only because buying the complex equipment used for hemp processing can be a hassle for you, but also because it is the simplest process and easy to implement at home. For those who want to learn about other methods of cannabis oil extraction, we will also mention some alternative methods at the end.

Extracting CBD oil from flowers
Before starting the process, it is most important to know that ethanol or ethyl alcohol is a highly flammable substance, so make sure that you take all precautions to ensure that you and the environment are protected from fire hazards. With that said, let's move on to the preparation process.

What do you need?
Cannabis flowers - Make sure to trim every leaf, leaving only the flowers for the extraction process. Cut the large buds into smaller pieces to make them easier to process and even better, grind the flowers so that the herb can better absorb the alcohol.

Ethanol- It is best to use 95% food grade ethanol.
Filtration equipment- It is best to use a paper filter or fold the screen into several layers.
Fireproof bowl - The size of the bowl depends on the amount of ingredients you are preparing.
Large glass jar - This is where you will mix the alcohol and weed.

Decarboxylation process
To activate the cannabinoids, we must put the ground herb in the oven for about 45 minutes. Pour the cannabis on a casserole or something similar and heat the oven to about 110 degrees Celsius. Depending on the granules, the decarboxylation process may take less than 45 minutes, so please be careful not to burn the weed in the oven.

Mixing and Straining
Place the weed in a wide-mouth jar and pour in the alcohol until the weed is completely covered. Stir the mixture several times every 5 minutes, then let it sit for an hour or two. You can't let it sit too long, so don't worry about it sitting longer than that.

Place a layered piece of gauze or filter paper over a fireproof bowl and begin pouring in the solution. It's not a bad idea to repeat the filtering process a few times until you're satisfied with the purity of the filtered solution.

Removing Alcohol
Boil the ethanol at 78 degrees Celsius, which is the temperature that should be set on the heating surface, then slowly mix the solution in the fireproof bowl. Place the bowl over the heat source until no alcohol vapor or bubbles appear on the heated surface of the liquid.

More Oil Extraction Methods
There are multiple methods of extracting oil, and some even answer the question of how to extract tetrahydrocannabinol from the product. Since these require more experience, we will present only some of the most popular methods.

Carbon Dioxide Extraction
This is one of the newest methods of producing CBD oil and it provides the purest oil extract called CBD isolate that does not contain any other compounds. It requires a carbon dioxide machine as it relies on carbon dioxide as a solvent. The herbs are placed in the CO2 machine and kept under pressure. The process also includes winterization and decarboxylation processes. The first is used to separate the CBD from waxes and lipids that may remain, while decarboxylation activates the CBD.

Oiling method
Similar to ethanol extraction, the oiling method requires the use of olive oil or coconut oil as a solvent. The main difference is that the herb is mixed with water and dehydrated, and then mixed with oil and heated. This method is most commonly used by people who need to create CBD cture agents or topical agents that can be applied directly to the affected area and treat muscle pain.

We hope that this article has helped you to grasp the basics of CBD oil extraction. We have tried to cover the extraction process as comprehensively as possible, so you will not experience any frustration when trying to extract the extract at home. Also, we have avoided using specialized chemical equipment because let's face it, there aren't many people at home to set up a lab. Enjoy your new knowledge and have fun making CBD oil.

 

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